When using the same amount of a substance or less, women are more vulnerable to some of the health effects of substance use, including addiction. Additionally, women experience some unique consequences of substance use and addiction, such as breast cancer and complications with pregnancy.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a proposed regulation in April and solicited comments on how to regulate tobacco products that are subject to the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act in 2009. Up until now, many tobacco products such as dissolvable tobacco, cigars, cigarillos, hookah, e-cigarettes and pipe tobacco, were not subject to FDA regulation. The FDA is responsible for “regulating the manufacturing, marketing and distribution of tobacco products to protect the public health and to reduce tobacco use by minors.” The fact that many tobacco products have escaped FDA regulation until this time goes against their mission. It is vital that the FDA claim its power to regulate these products.
Since its debut, the e-cigarette industry has been pushing its products as less dangerous than traditional cigarettes. This message has spread to adolescents: researchers have found that teens who perceive e-cigarettes as less harmful than regular cigarettes are more likely to use e-cigarettes. In 2012, about 1.8 million middle and high school-aged kids reported using an e-cigarette and over half a million had used one in the past 30 days. These numbers are expected to grow as awareness of these products increases.
Hookah smoking has a variety of health risks. Hookah smoke contains high levels of carbon monoxide, metals and carcinogens. During a typical hookah smoking session, a smoker inhales around 90,000 milliliters of smoke, compared to the approximately 500 to 600 milliliters that are inhaled when smoking a cigarette. The World Health Organization estimates that the smoke from a single hour-long hookah session can equal over 100 cigarettes.
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