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The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is conducting this study to help determine what treatment options for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and co-occurring problems are best for which kinds of teens and families (considering ethnicity, gender, age, and if they are using substances or not). The study will also look to determine whether medication for ADHD provides a substantial boost for adolescents over and above the educational support and family counseling options they usually receive. Funding for the study comes from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), a non-profit organization that funds comparative clinical effectiveness research. The study was one of 46 proposals, selected from 490 applications, approved for funding.
Read grant press release.
The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is developing core curricular materials for physicians and other healthcare providers and will work with educators to help design the materials and integrate them into medical and professional school education.
In collaboration with the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS), The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is designing, building and testing a digital tool that will aid substance abuse treatment providers to determine which treatment setting is best for a patient with a substance use disorder (commonly referred to as substance abuse and addiction). The LOCADTR—which stands for Level of Care for Alcohol and Drug Treatment Referral— is meant to ensure that all patients in need of treatment for a substance use disorder have access to care and are placed in the least restrictive, but most appropriate level of care available. In addition to helping providers and patients, the data collected by the tool will also be studied and analyzed to provide further insights into its effectiveness and allow for adjustments and updates to be made.
More about LOCADTR.
This 5-year study is evaluating New York’s health home program. It tests whether health homes improve quality of care, reduce inefficient health care and lower costs among the 120,000 individuals per year with addiction who are eligible for health homes in New York. Health homes are a federally funded Medicaid program in which all of an individual’s health care providers communicate with one another to coordinate care so that all of his or her needs are addressed in a comprehensive manner. The goal is to improve quality of care and reduce inefficient spending. Findings from this study will be useful as other states expand Medicaid coverage and use similar efforts for chronic conditions targeting the costliest and neediest populations.
Learn more about New York State health homes.
This 5-year research project in New York is investigating whether Health Homes and supportive housing for homeless persons living with HIV improves their adherence to HIV treatment, reduces their overall health costs and leads to an increase in viral suppression. For many HIV-positive persons, factors such as low income, lack of health insurance, homelessness, substance use disorders and mental illness can act as barriers to receiving quality health care. However, it is essential that HIV-positive persons undergo treatment to achieve viral suppression, which is reducing the function and replication of a virus. Undergoing treatment will also help lower the person’s risk of disease transmission. Health Homes can be a powerful tool to support Governor Andrew Cuomo’s plan to end the AIDS epidemic in New York State. Health Homes are an important provision within the Affordable Care Act that attempt to redesign the fragmented, crisis-driven and costly care received by the Medicaid enrollees. They have received funding to create health care networks that include medical, behavioral health, social service and case management programs.
Read more Governor Cuomo’s plan to end the AIDS epidemic in New York State.
Many teens involved in the juvenile justice system do not get the treatment they need for mental health or substance use problems. Juvenile Justice—Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) is a 5-year study involving universities across seven states, The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is part of a Columbia University team working with juvenile justice agencies to help improve the way they work with adolescents struggling with mental health or substance use issues. The study assesses the strengths of the juvenile justice agencies’ process for identifying mental health and substance use problems, getting teens into treatment, and helping them develop goals for improvement. The team also provides training on mental health and substance use-related topics and best practices, and training staff on the utilization of data to determine what works (and what doesn’t) in their agency’s procedures so they can make effective changes. Agencies work with an implementation facilitator who guides the staff in using what they’ve learned to improve their practices.
Family therapy is widely supported by researchers in the field as an effective treatment for adolescent substance use and behavior problems. Clinical research demonstrates that several models of family therapy that use very specific steps, protocols and practices have better outcomes than other kinds of treatment. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse’s Core Elements of Family Therapy (CEFT) project started in 2015 and attempts to distill the active ingredients of these models so as to enable community therapists to adopt effective, family therapy practices outside of a research setting in the real world. The CEFT project, which is funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), will observe, identify and describe common, core, and fundamental family therapy techniques. The goal of the project is to garner a better understanding of effective family therapy for adolescent substance users and assess practical ways to implement and assure quality treatment.
The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, in partnership with the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) and Northwell Health, is working on a 5-year grant to implement Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) into health care settings. SBIRT is an evidenced-based practice to identify and intervene with people who may be using substances in ways that increase their risk for physical health, mental health and other problems. Since the project started in 2013, SBIRT services have been implemented in eight health care sites, over 100,000 screens for risky substance use have been conducted and hundreds of individuals have been connected with treatment providers. Over the next three years, The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse will be conducting an evaluation of the project, developing technology products to aid in implementation and maintenance of SBIRT, and providing guidance for expanding SBIRT services across New York State.
In response to New York State’s Medicaid Redesign initiative, the Office of Addiction and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) and the Office of Mental Health (OMH), created the Managed Care Technical Assistance Center (MCTAC) to address the needs of their service providers transitioning to a Managed Care Medicaid reimbursement system. MCTAC is a partnership of The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse and New York University’s McSilver Institute, along with a number of participating organizations throughout the state. MCTAC provides training and intensive support on quality improvement strategies including business, organizational and clinical practices. Within MCTAC’s targeted training and guidance, The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse provides support for addiction-specific topics and leads the work on providing assistance for clinical operations and innovations specific to the addictions treatment system. MCTAC delivers in-person, video and web-based trainings as well as on-going learning communities and intensive workshops throughout New York State in order to maximize accessibility for providers.
This National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) grant includes components of behavioral intervention science, psychopharmacology and neuroimaging research related to adolescent substance use. This project has culminated in the development of two behavioral protocols aimed at treating adolescent substance users with co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):
CASALEAP looked at long-term outcomes of effective practices for adolescent substance use in the real world. The study evaluated treatment benefits and cost-effectiveness for adolescent substance use and related mental health problems in hospital-based behavioral health clinics, private addiction counseling clinics and community mental health centers. Study analyses contrasted treatment effectiveness and fidelity demonstrated by therapists utilizing family therapy versus non-family approaches. Main findings indicate that both kinds of approaches demonstrated improvements in behavioral symptoms and delinquent acts. However, family therapy produced greater reductions in youth-reported behavioral symptoms among the whole sample, in delinquent acts among substance-using youth, and in alcohol and drug use among substance-using youth. The degree to which family therapy outperformed non-family treatment was consistent with effect sizes from controlled trials of manualized family therapy models.
This project works to implement screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment statewide. SBIRT is an evidence-based practice that modifies the substance use patterns of at-risk substance users and identifies individuals who need more extensive, specialized treatment. SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach that provides opportunities for early intervention before more severe consequences occur. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse's role in this project is to recommend strategies for implementing SBIRT at sites primarily in Jefferson County and New York City. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is working with the New York State Office on Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) on this project. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse provides guidance to OASAS on evaluating SBIRT outcomes and offers technical support to a statewide policy advisory committee, which oversees a broader adoption of SBIRT throughout the state.
The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse conducted an extensive evaluation of an innovative program for disenfranchised, mostly opioid-dependent individuals not accessing treatment services. This program focused on improving access to treatment through use of mobile services and additional treatment supports. The program includes mobile medication vans and on-the-street outreach for high-need individuals. Additionally, the program included a pilot test of supportive housing for, mostly, women with families. Our evaluation found that the program increased treatment participation among the targeted population. In the context of the current increase in opioid use, this program helped greater numbers of those affected access care.
Download related report.
This project was a comprehensive economic analysis of a state-run case management program for families with children on welfare. In conjunction with the state of New Jersey, it developed a state-of-the-art behavioral intervention for high-cost, high-needs clients. A potential taxpayer benefit included reducing the drain on publicly financed services, such as public welfare, emergency or crisis services, which was a focus of the analysis.
A joint initiative with the New York State Office on Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS), CASACCARE provided addiction treatment case management to the most costly users of Medicaid. Unlike the treatment for virtually any other health care problem, the overwhelming majority (about 75%) of treatment costs for addiction involving alcohol and other drugs are drawn from public funding. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse analyzed large sets of government addiction treatment and health care services data, using advanced statistical methods. Researchers then evaluated the effectiveness of the program—from both a health outcome and cost-benefit perspective. Researchers created evidence-based strategies for improving care. The study evaluated 1,760 individuals from 22 counties in New York State over a two-and-a-quarter-year period.
This project was an evaluation of a program that provides supportive housing to chronically homeless individuals with ongoing substance use. The CASAHOPE program documented best practices, evaluated 1-year outcomes and conducted a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis to see if supportive housing reduced costs related to extra city/state services used by homeless clients. Key findings of the NY/NY III supportive housing programs indicated that individuals who actively used drugs or alcohol could achieve housing, health and substance-use stability when housed without a precondition of addiction treatment attendance.